While Egyptian government ministries have historically refused to recognize unions other than those belonging to the Confederation of State-Controlled Egyptian Trade Unions (ETUF), there were signs after the 2011 revolution that the situation would change for independent trade unions in Egypt. Some government officials have reported a more liberal embrace of independent unions, workers have created hundreds of unions that were not tied to the ETUF, and the 2014 Constitution expressed explicit support for union organizing and collective bargaining. The provision of flexible working time for workers with dependencies is not required by law; However, it is often implemented after consultation between the employer and the worker. However, this spring, ETUF responded to these developments by filing a lawsuit claiming that independent trade unions are illegal in Egypt. As the case continues, the Ministry of the Interior invalidated the use of independent union stamps on official documents on 1 March. The ILO found that the decree of 1 March effectively abolishes the fundamental right to negotiation and publication of collective agreements and exposes trade union leaders to the risk of dismissal or arrest. In a letter to the Egyptian President on 8 April, the ILO Director-General called for the lifting of the recent ban on the official recognition of independent trade unions. In the event of unfair dismissal of a worker, he is entitled to compensation. In accordance with articles 208 and 211 of the Labour Law, the employer must provide all necessary means to protect workers against hazardous substances, chemicals, machinery, infections, noise and noise in the workplace. Articles 212 and 214 of the Labour Act provide that the employer is obliged to provide the workplace with the necessary rescue and fire protection measures. Inventions and products of work: the employer is the sole rightful owner of all products and inventions of work. .