This work aims to remove legal uncertainty and ensure the continuity of bilateral SAAs and the development of international air services. The alignment of existing bilateral agreements with EU law is also important for the third countries concerned and for the entire air transport sector, including airlines, users, etc. Therefore, this objective must be achieved effectively and within a reasonable period of time. The first and second freedoms grant the right to cross a country without carrying traffic that begins or ends there and is called the “right of transit”. :146 The Chicago Convention designed a multilateral agreement in which the first two freedoms, known as the International Air Services Transit Agreement (IASTA) or “Two Freedoms Agreement,” were open to all signatories. By mid-2007, the treaty had been accepted by 129 countries.  The Office of International Aviation and the United States The Department of State negotiates bilateral and multilateral air transport agreements with foreign air partners of the United States. Such agreements form the basis for the airlines of the countries concerned to provide international air services to passengers, cargo and mail. Through air agreements, the United States is developing a pro-competitive operating environment for U.S. air services between the United States and abroad. For information on specific flight service contracts, please contact us.
Since 1992, the Department has adopted an “open skies” policy to eliminate government involvement in airline decision-making on routes, capacity and prices in international markets. Open skiing agreements also contain provisions on business opportunities, safety and protection. The United States has negotiated open skies agreements with more than 100 aviation partners. Method of separate bilateral negotiations: correction of changes made with 73 partner countries representing 340 bilateral agreements. The first two freedoms concern the passage of commercial aircraft through foreign airspace and airports, while the other freedoms concern the international transport of passengers, mail and cargo. The first to fifth freedom is officially listed by international treaties, including the Chicago Convention. Several other freedoms have been added and, although most of them are not officially recognized by the international treaties generally in force, they have been agreed by a number of countries. Lower freedoms are relatively universal, while higher numbered freedoms are rarer and more controversial. Liberal open-air agreements are often the least restrictive form of air agreements and can encompass many, if not all, freedoms. They are relatively rare, but the recent single aviation markets in the European Union (European Common Aviation Area) and between Australia and New Zealand are examples.
Air Agreements (SAAs) are formal treaties between countries – accompanying memorandums of understanding (MoU) and diplomatic exchange notes. . . .